The Turn of the Screw (1992)

Rating:

USA/UK/France. 1992.

Crew

Director/Screenplay – Rusty Lemorande, Based on the Novel by Henry James, Producers – Stafan Ahrenberg & Nicole Seguin, Photography – Witold Stok, Music – Simon Boswell, Special Effects – Effects Associates, Makeup Effects – Phyllis Cohen, Art Direction – Trudi McCallum. Production Company – Electric Pictures/Lakedell Ltd/Cinemax SRL/Michael White Productions

Cast

Patsy Kensit (Jenny Gooding), Stephan Audran (Mrs Grose), Joseph England (Miles), Claire Szekeres (Flora), Julian Sands (Jack Cooper), Marianne Faithfull (Narrator), Oliver Debray (Quint), Bryony Brind (Miss Jessel)


Plot

While in group therapy, a woman tells a story about ghosts. During the late 1960s, Jenny Gooding applied for a nannying job and was granted sole charge of young Miles and Flora on the large Bly country estate. Jenny soon came to find Miles’s behaviour to be disturbingly adult. She started seeing a mysterious man and a woman in black in the grounds. From her description, the housekeeper identified these as the gardener Quint and his lover, the previous nanny Miss Jessel. However, this would have been impossible as Quint and Miss Jessel were both dead. Jenny became fixated on thinking that what she was seeing were the ghosts of Quint and Miss Jessel and that they were responsible for Miles and Flora’s bad behaviour. She determined that the only way to exorcise the ghosts was to make the two children admit their existence.


Henry James’s The Turn of the Screw (1898) is a classic ghost story. It is a story where James allowed the ghosts to inhabit an ambiguous place of the mind, where we were never entirely sure by the end of the story if they were real or being imagined by the emotionally repressed Miss Giddens. The idea of the ghost/horror story that hovers in a place of uncertainty was later borrowed to great success by producer Val Lewton in the 1940s beginning with the classic Cat People (1942) and has influenced a number of other films since.

The Turn of the Screw has undergone a number of film adaptations. These have included a live tv play The Turn of the Screw (1959) starring Ingrid Bergman; Dan Curtis’s tv movie The Turn of the Screw (1974) with Lynn Redgrave; a 1974 adaptation for French tv; The Turn of the Screw (1982), a German-made operatic adaptation; a 1989 adaptation for Shelley Duval’s Nightmare Classics starring Amy Irving; the tv movie The Haunting of Helen Walker/The Turn of the Screw (1995) starring Valerie Bertinelli; Presence of Mind (1999), a Spanish-made adaptation with Sophie Ward and Harvey Keitel; a British tv adaptation The Turn of the Screw (1999) with Jodhi May and Colin Firth; the operatic adaptation The Turn of the Screw by Benjamin Britten (2004); the modernised In a Dark Place (2006) starring Leelee Sobieski; an Italian tv version The Turn of the Screw (2009); a BBC tv version The Turn of the Screw (2009) starring Michelle Dockery; and the Argentinean The Tutor (2016). The finest and most faithful of these was The Innocents (1961) starring Deborah Kerr, which is the definitive version of The Turn of the Screw. Michael Winner’s ham-fisted The Nightcomers (1971) also purports to be a prequel to The Turn of the Screw and concerns itself with the sadomasochistic relationship between Quint and Miss Jessel.

This version of The Turn of the Screw comes from director-writer Rusty Lemorande. Lemorande dabbled around Hollywood for a time in the 1980s in various roles before producing Barbra Streisand’s Yentl (1983) and then having a hand in several genre productions. These included writing and producing the computer love story Electric Dreams (1984), writing-producing Captain Eo (1986), the Francis Ford Coppola-Michael Jackson 3-D science-fiction short that was screened at Disneyland, and directing one previous effort with Cannon’s Journey to the Center of the Earth (1988), which ended up being shut down only partially shot and was later completed by an uncredited Albert Pyun with only a purported eight minutes of Lemorande’s material remaining. The Turn of the Screw is the only other film that Lemorande has directed to date.

All previous adaptations of The Turn of the Screw have retained the Victorian setting so it is a shock when Rusty Lemorande’s version places the story into midst of the Swinging Sixties. The initial scenes with Julian Sands in a pair of coloured sunglasses and smoking from a hookah pipe amid an office that contains some outre designs, including a wire-frame chair in the form of a person, contain a considerable jolt. One expects a total vulgarisation of the story but once we reach Bly estate, the film becomes a surprisingly faithful rendition of The Turn of the Screw. This is aided by the fact that the scenes at Bly estate are fairly much period surroundings, where the odd intrusion of cars and modern kitchens hardly dents the illusion.

While it does a faithful adaptation of the events of the story, Rusty Lemorande’s version of The Turn of the Screw lacks much of Henry James’s subtlety and ambiguity. Although the film faithfully retains the way that James’s story vies without commitment between a supernatural and psychological explanation of the haunting, the depiction of the apparitions is far too unsubtle. Compare The Turn of the Screw 1993 to The Innocents where the manifestations were so subtle that the audience doubted that they were real too. On the other hand, here, while Rusty Lemorande has the narrator tell us that they are not sure what is real and what not, the manifestations up there on screen seem all too tangible. Lemorande throws up too many crude and unsubtle shock effects – routine red herrings of people sneaking up on the heroine, turning into camera wearing masks and the like. At least, the best managed of these is the climax where we see Quint’s ghost floating outside the window and disappearing upon Miles’s uttering of his name.

Patsy Kensit, never a particularly good actress, is adequate in the Miss Jessel role, and the scenes where her obsession takes over are the best. Unfortunately, the performances from the children (Joseph England and Claire Szekeres) are not very good and for the story to work these needed to have been far more convincing and subtle.



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