Frankenstein 1970 (1958) poster

Frankenstein 1970 (1958)


USA. 1958.


Director – Howard W. Koch, Screenplay – Richard Landau & George Worthing Yates, Story – Aubrey Schenck & Charles A. Moses, Producer – Aubrey Schenck, Photography (b&w) – Carl E. Guthrie, Music – Paul A. Dunlap, Makeup – Gordon Bau, Production Design – Jack T. Collis. Production Company – Allied Artists Picture Corporation.


Boris Karloff (Baron Victor von Frankenstein), Donald Barry (Douglas Row), Jana Lund (Carolyn Hayes), Charlotte Austin (Judy Stevens), Rudolph Anders (Wilhelm Gottfried), Tom Duggan (Mike Shaw), Irwin Berke (Inspector Raab), Norbert Schiller (Shuter), John Dennis (Morgan Haley), Mike Lane (Hans Himmler/The Monster)


Baron Victor von Frankenstein is trying to keep the family tradition alive. Impoverished and with no funds to buy the atomic reactor he needs, the Baron has been forced to rent the family castle out. It is currently being used as a location by an American film crew who have come to Germany to make a film about the 250th anniversary of the original Frankenstein experiments. The Baron uses his newly purchased atomic reactor to reanimate the corpse he has built. However, the hulking monster then starts preying on the film crew.

Frankenstein 1970 was a B movie oddity from the late 1950s. It came during a period that saw a revival of the Frankenstein film that began with Hammer Films highly successful The Curse of Frankenstein (1957) in May of 1957 followed by the breakout hit of I Was a Teenage Frankenstein (1957) in November of that year, B-budget studios quickly jumped aboard the fad offering up Frankenstein 1970 and Frankenstein’s Daughter (1958), along with assorted others into the 1960s.

The film’s casting coup is in being able to inveigle Boris Karloff to play the role of Baron Frankenstein. Karloff’s career had been launched when he appeared as the monster in Frankenstein (1931) and its first two sequels Bride of Frankenstein (1935) and Son of Frankenstein (1939). Karloff was immediately cast in numerous horror and mad scientist roles throughout the 1930s and 1940s. He had played another scientist Dr Niemann who raised the Frankenstein monster in House of Frankenstein (1944) but never the good doctor himself.

The horror genre where Karloff came to fame had peaked in the 1930s and 40s but was fading in popularity by the 1950s. As a result, Karloff ended up appearing in some cheap fare to pay the bills. Indeed, you cannot help but think that the plot of the film – an aging Frankenstein has become impoverished and resents having to sell off the family heirlooms and rent out the castle to crass American filmmakers just to keep his experiments going – is symbolic for the state of Karloff’s career at that point in time. At the age of 71, he launches into the role with a determined venom. It’s a part that gives him something to get his teeth into, the likes of which he hadn’t had for a few years.

Frankenstein 1970 is a B movie but it looks a good deal better. It was shot on the Warner Brothers lot and clearly had access to the studio’s stock sets, which are used to create a fairly impressive looking castle interior, especially when we get down to the catacombs. The film is also shot in widescreen Cinemascope (although not in colour) but was only released to VHS in a tv-cropped print for many years until this was restored in the 2009 dvd release.

Boris Karloff as Baron Victor von Frankenstein in Frankenstein 1970 (1958)
Boris Karloff as Baron Victor von Frankenstein along with his creation

The title makes an attempt to drag the Frankenstein story into what was then a future setting (twelve years ahead of when the film was released) – although in all other regards it appears to be set contemporary. There are some interesting cotemporary references such as Frankenstein comparing horrors to the Belsen concentration camp. And of course the fact that he employs an atomic reactor rather than bring the monster to life with the usual harnessed electricity (which technically means that the Frankenstein monster here falls into the 1950s fad for atomic monsters). The idea of a date appended to the Frankenstein name was used by several subsequent films with Frankenstein ’80 (1972), Frankenstein 90 (1984) and Frankenstein 2000 (1992).

The plot is routine and unexceptional. Frankenstein attempts to perfect his monster, monster is revived and starts picking off the American film crew one by one. That is about the sum of the film. Mostly the show is made by Boris Karloff’s performance. One of the cheaper disappointments is that when the monster is revived it is played by 6’8” former wrestler Mike Lane. It comes with bandages across its face for the entire show, which make it look as though Lane is wearing an oversized bucket on his head (and tends to make the monster resemble a mummy). The disappointment is that we never get to see its face until right at the end when it is unmasked and it puzzlingly proves to be Karloff’s own face.

Director Howard W. Koch made a handful of dramatic and drive-in films during the 1960s but no other genre works. He did far more work as a producer, making a great many Westerns during this period, later moving into tv and producing several of the Academy Awards shows. His other genre works as producer include The Black Sleep (1956), The Pharaoh’s Curse (1957), Voodoo Island (1957), The Manchurian Candidate (1962), The President’s Analyst (1967), On a Clear Day You Can See Forever (1970), Dragonslayer (1981) and Airplane II: The Sequel (1982).

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