Them! (1954) poster

Them! (1954)


USA. 1954.


Director – Gordon Douglas, Screenplay – Ted Sherdeman, Story – George Worthing Yates, Adaptation – Russell Hughes, Producer – David Weisbart, Photography (b&w) – Sid Hickox, Music – Bronislau Kaper, Special Effects – Ralph Ayres, Makeup – Gordon Bau, Art Direction – Stanley Fleischer. Production Company – Warner Brothers.


James Whitmore (Sergeant Ben Peterson), Edmund Gwenn (Dr Harold Medford), Joan Weldon (Dr Patricia Medford), James Arness (Robert Graham), Onslow Stevens (Brigadier-General O’Brien), Sean McClory (Major Kibbee), Chris Drake (Ed Blackburn), Sandy Descher (Little Girl)


Police find a young girl wandering in a catatonic state in the New Mexico desert. All they are able to obtain from her is the repeatedly screamed word ‘them’. A caravan and general store are found torn apart nearby. Police and FBI agents discover a nest of giant-sized ants and it is theorized that these have been created by atomic tests in the area. The nest is bombed with cyanide gas and the ants destroyed. The scientists discover that two queen ants and their male companions have sprouted wings and escaped. They trace the ants to the storm drains of Los Angeles where the queens are nesting, ready to hatch.

Them! comes with the closing line – “We have entered the atomic age. We’ve opened the door into another world. What we’ll eventually find nobody can predict.” It was intended as an ominous allegorical portent but was one that proved to be far more prophetic than the filmmakers ever intended (at least in the cinematic sense). Between them, Them! and the atomically-revived dinosaur classic The Beast from 20,000 Fathoms (1953), which came out the previous year, introduced the 1950s to its singular obsession with rampaging atomically revived and/or enlarged flora and fauna.

The genre would soon run the gamut from giant octopi – It Came from Beneath the Sea (1955); spiders – Tarantula (1955) and Earth vs the Spider (1958); crabs – Attack of the Crab Monsters (1957); grasshoppers – Beginning of the End (1957); scorpions – The Black Scorpion (1957); mantises – The Deadly Mantis (1957); molluscs – The Monster That Challenged the World (1957); leeches – Attack of the Giant Leeches (1959); moths – Mothra (1962); to humans – The Amazing Colossal Man (1957).

Joan Weldon and giant ant in Them! (1954)
Joan Weldon and giant ant

The Beast from 20,000 Fathoms and Them! essentially charted out a common blueprint for the formulas the other films would follow – the staunch military defenders of law and order, the characters of the scientist savant and his beautiful daughter, the creature of the show heading for a major civilian area wreaking mass destruction. Them! also added the Jack Arnold-esque desert landscape as stamping ground for the monster and the eerie build-up with military and scientists puzzling over demolished buildings and what type of creature could possibly do this.

Them! rises above most of the imitators that followed to become a surprisingly well-crafted A-budget picture, something that The Beast from 20,000 Fathoms never achieved. It has a particularly strong script. There is a patent ludicrousness to the idea of giant ants – in actuality they would be too heavy to fly and too large for their air pressure-based spiracle breathing system to work any longer. However, the film is conducted with documentary-like detail and the barrage of scientific jargonese adds an intense wall of conviction.

Director Gordon Douglas builds an eerie atmosphere, beginning the film in the wind-scoured desert landscape, filled with intriguing images – the girl found in a near catatonic state, the ruined caravan and store, the discovery of dead bodies, ominous words about “a threat to the entire nation”. Douglas does not reveal the ants until some time in – it is nearly half the film before we even see an ant. The ants were achieved with full-size mechanicals, which are not that convincing, but the film wisely restricts their use – when we finally see them it is in the middle of a desert storm and only half glimpsed, which adds to the eeriness. Throughout, Douglas directs with sober black-and-white conviction. There is a surprisingly intense journey into the dark ant nest, while the climactic fight in the L.A. sewer systems is enthralling. It is the film’s absolute certainty in its own ideas that makes it a classic of the genre.

Venture into the ant's nest in Them! (1954)
Venture into the ant’s nest

Edmund Gwenn positively shines in a marvellously fussy performance. His intelligence is wittily undercut by an eccentric childishness – there is an hilarious little gag with him trying to grasp the idea of saying “Over” on a radio. The quick eyed can also spot a 23 year old Leonard Nimoy in one of his first screen performances as a telex operator.

Them! should not be confused with several other films of the same name, including the alien invasion tv movie Them (1996) and the French Backwoods Brutality film Them (2006).

Director Gordon Douglas began working for Hal Roach Studios and made a great many Westerns during the 1940s. He made a surprising number of other genre films including Zombies on Broadway (1945); Dick Tracy vs Cueball (1946); the Jerry Lewis space mission comedy Way … Way Out (1966); the spy film comedy In Like Flint (1967); and the Missing Link film Skullduggery (1970).

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