Crescendo (1970) poster

Crescendo (1970)


UK. 1970.


Director – Alan Gibson, Screenplay – Jimmy Sangster & Alfred Shaughnessy, Story – Alfred Shaughnessy, Producer – Michael Carreras, Photography – Paul Beeson, Music – Malcolm Williamson, Art Direction – Scott MacGregor. Production Company – Hammer Films.


Stefanie Powers (Susan Roberts), James Olson (Georges Ryman/Jacques Ryman), Margaretta Scott (Danielle Ryman), Jane Lapotaire (Lilliane), Joss Ackland (Carter)


American music student Susan Roberts arrives at the home of the late composer Henry Ryman in the French countryside to write a thesis about him. She is welcomed by Ryman’s widow Danielle and his wheelchair-ridden son Georges. As Susan settles into the house, she becomes aware of sinister secrets lurking all around – from Georges’ drug addiction problems to the maid Lilliane who is seeking to manipulate Georges into marrying her. Susan also discovers that she resemblance to Georges’ former girlfriend Catherine and how Danielle seems to want her to stay there.

Hammer Films were on a roll during the 1960s. They had emerged to world attention in the late 1950s with The Curse of Frankenstein (1957) and Dracula/The Horror of Dracula (1958), then revamped other classic monster movies and made a string of Dracula and Frankenstein sequels, all to great success. In 1960, Alfred Hitchcock made Psycho (1960), which had been a huge worldwide success. Hammer quickly jumped on this trend, as did a number of others, and made a series of Psycho-Thrillers with the likes of A Taste of Fear/Scream of Fear (1961), Paranoiac (1963), Maniac (1963), Nightmare (1964), Hysteria (1964), The Fanatic/Die, Die, My Darling (1965), The Nanny (1965) and Fear in the Night (1972).

Crescendo was one of these Hammer psycho-thrillers. It has a script from Jimmy Sangster who had written most of the other abovementioned Hammer psycho-thrillers, as well as The Curse of Frankenstein and The Horror of Dracula. Sangster co-writes with Alfred Shaughnessy who directed the interesting Anglo-horror film Cat Girl (1957) and was script editor for tv’s Upstairs, Downstairs (1971-5).

The director was the Canadian-born Alan Gibson, who had emerged out of British arthouse tv dramas in the 1960s and made his directorial debut here. Gibson was clearly seen as a promising name by Hammer who promptly put him in charge of their Dracula franchise where he made Dracula A.D. 1972 (1972) and The Satanic Rites of Dracula (1973), the last two Hammer Dracula films to star Christopher Lee, which are generally considered the weakest of the series. Gibson subsequently went back to directing British tv dramas, although did return for two episodes of the tv series Hammer’s House of Horrors (1980).

Brought in to headline Crescendo were two American stars, Stefanie Powers, who was then best known as the lead in tv’s The Girl from U.N.C.L.E. (1966-7), and James Olson just before his big starring role in The Andromeda Strain (1971). Both Powers and Olson had previously worked for Hammer – she appearing in a not dissimilar role in The Fanatic/Die, Die, My Darling and he as the lead in Hammer’s science-fiction outing Moon Zero Two (1969).

Stefanie Powers in Crescendo (1970)
A fearful Stefanie Powers

Crescendo has a number of plot similarities to Hammer’s first psycho-thriller A Taste of Fear – a girl visiting a villa in France run by a matriarch and servants (even the design and layouts of the two houses seems the same), the mystery surrounding a dead man, a person in a wheelchair who may not be crippled after all. At the same time, this is also a different film to most of Hammer’s other psycho-thrillers. It was only the second of these to be shot in colour, whereas all of the earlier ones were shot in black-and-white. It is also one of the few Hammer films to go and shoot on location – in France. It makes great contrast to the earlier psycho-thriller Maniac, which was also shot in France but in black-and-white where the locations seemed to cry out for colour, and A Taste of Fear, which similarly had a French location but restricted itself to a villa for almost the entire running time. At direct opposition, Crescendo seems to embrace an open sunniness that is almost at exactly opposite remove to the edgy tension that the black-and-white film stock seemed to give the other Hammer psycho-thrillers.

On the other hand, Alan Gibson fails to quite provide Crescendo with the tension that Freddie Francis and many of the other directors of Hammer’s psycho-thrillers did. It is hard, for instance, throughout the first half of the show to work out where the film is going – it consists of much talking around the pool and house but never seems to let any psycho-thriller elements cue in. The script certainly takes its time to work in the twists, doubts about what the heroine is being told, suggestions of dark secrets in the past that were all stock elements of the psycho-thriller of this era. It feels almost like a psycho-thriller that is moving at about half the speed you expect it to. Certainly, the film does eventually kick in some worthwhile twists – like the scene where Stefanie Powers returns to find James Olson’s wheelchair is empty. However, when the only moments of real tension come at the climax and during the attack on Jane Lapotaire in the pool, it makes you realise what a bloodless and quiet psycho-thriller Crescendo is.

Stefanie Powers and James Olson give capable performances. Much of the show is stolen by Jane Laoptaire whenever she is around affecting a fake French accent as an increasingly trampier and self-serving maid who seems to relish the bitchy taunts. There is a great scene where she comes onto James Olson as he sits in his wheelchair, stripping off and managing to turn shooting him up into a seduction.

Jimmy Sangster’s other genre scripts are:– X the Unknown (1956), The Curse of Frankenstein (1957), Dracula/The Horror of Dracula (1958), The Revenge of Frankenstein (1958), The Man Who Could Cheat Death (1959), The Mummy (1959), The Brides of Dracula (1960), the psycho-thrillers A Taste of Fear/Scream of Fear (1961), Paranoiac (1963), Maniac (1963), Nightmare (1964), Hysteria (1965) and The Nanny (1965), and Dracula – Prince of Darkness (1966), all for Hammer. Sangster’s non-Hammer scripts are the medical vampire film Blood of the Vampire (1958), the alien invasion film The Trollenberg Terror/The Crawling Eye (1958), Jack the Ripper (1959), the Grand Guignol psycho-thriller Whoever Slew Auntie Roo? (1971), the tv movie psycho-thrillers A Taste of Evil (1971) and Scream Pretty Peggy (1973), the occult tv movie Good Against Evil (1977), the occult film The Legacy (1979), the spy tv movies Billion Dollar Threat (1979) and Once Upon a Spy (1980), the psycho-thriller Phobia (1980) and the story for Disney’s The Devil and Max Devlin (1981). As director, Sangster made three films:– The Horror of Frankenstein (1970), the lesbian vampire film Lust for a Vampire (1971) and the psycho-thriller Fear in the Night (1972), all at Hammer..

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