Sole Survivor (1983) poster

Sole Survivor (1983)


USA. 1983.


Director/Screenplay – Thom Eberhardt, Producer – Don Barkemeyer, Photography – Russ Carpenter, Music – David F. Anthony, Special Effects – AA Special Effects Inc. Production Company – Robert D. Larkey & Caren L. Larkey.


Anita Skinner (Denise ‘Didi’ Watson), Kurt Johnson (Dr Brian Richardson), Caren Larkey (Karla Davis), Robin Davidson (Kristy Cutler), William Snare (Artie), Leslie Corin (Bobby Barker), Brinke Stevens (Jennifer), Stephen Isbell (Cabbie Thomas Skinner)


Karla Davis, a washed-up actress from the 1960s, calls her agent, urgently trying to get in contact with Denise Watson, who was working on a commercial that she is doing. Karla has had a premonition that Denise is going to be the sole survivor of a plane crash. The plane does crash and Denise is the sole survivor just as Karla envisioned. Soon afterwards, Denise begins to see mysterious figures standing about watching her. Next, the people around Denise start to be killed by these mysterious figures.

For a time, Sole Survivor starts out trying to do something more than be the usual zombie/slasher effort that was all the thing in horror cinema at the time it came out. But within a fairly short space of time, Sole Survivor reveals itself as another variant on what this author has named the deathdream fantasy or hallucination. The deathdream twist ending first appeared in the Ambrose Bierce’s short story An Incident at Owl Creek Bridge (1891). The Bierce story was filmed as An Occurence at Owl Creek Bridge (1962), the first time that such an ending has appeared on film. In the story, a man is hung but the noose breaks, allowing him to escape whereupon he runs home to his wife, only for his neck to snap just as he arrives and everything is revealed as an hallucination that occurs in the last seconds before his death.

This twist ending patented by Owl Creek Bridge – that the character has been dead all along – has been copied a number of times in films, including Carnival of Souls (1962), Haunts of the Very Rich (1972), Seizure/Queen of Evil (1974), Siesta (1987), Jacob’s Ladder (1990), Final Approach (1991), A Pure Formality (1994), The Others (2001), The Brown Bunny (2003), Dead End (2003), I Pass for Human (2004), Hidden (2005), Reeker (2005), Stay (2005), The Escapist (2008), Farmhouse (2008), Passengers (2008), The Haunting of Winchester House (2009), Someone’s Knocking at the Door (2009), The Last Seven (2010), Wound (2010), Jack the Reaper (2011), A Fish (2012), Leones (2012), 7500 (2014), The Abandoned/The Confines (2015), Shadow People (2016), Alone (2017) and most famously in The Sixth Sense (1999).

Indeed, Sole Survivor reads as a more successful version of one of the films that took itself from the Ambrose Bierce story – the adaptation of James Herbert’s The Survivor (1981). The Survivor similarly dealt with the survivor(s) of a plane crash haunted by mysterious happenings who was revealed to have been dead all along in the twist ending. The ending was later also borrowed with the mainstream released Passengers (2008) and 7500 (2014). Of course, the story of someone having a premonition of a plane crash and the survivors thereafter being subject to mysterious deaths was later used substantially in Final Destination (2000).

Anita Skinner, the survivor of an airline disaster in Sole Survivor (1983)
Anita Skinner, the sole survivor of an airline disaster

Director Thom Eberhardt gets some undeniable atmosphere out of the images of people blankly standing about on the periphery of camera vision or pursuing the heroine. Unfortunately, Sole Survivor never quite gels. A major part of the problem is that it is never too clear what is happening. It gradually becomes apparent that it is meant to be some type of deathdream story – but whether Anita Skinner is being pursued for having survived the flight when she wasn’t meant to a la Final Destination or has been dead all along is something that the film never clarifies. To those less informed by the genre, we have a story about the dead pursuing a plane crash survivor for no clearly discernible reasons. Whatever tenuous reasons might be assumed about what is going on are surely broken by the twist ending, which has the dead also get up after the morgue attendant who wasn’t in the plane crash.

Lead actress Anita Skinner is too bland for the part. Moreover, the film lacks the budget to even depict the plane crash.

Director Thom Eberhardt next went onto make the zombie/end of the world comedy Night of the Comet (1984) and then the witty Sherlock Holmes spoof Without a Clue (1988), as well as to write the screenplay for Honey I Blew Up the Kid (1992). Eberhardt has made other sporadic films such as Gross Anatomy (1989) and Captain Ron (1992), and now directs in tv. His other genre works include the tv movies Twice Upon a Time (1998), Ratz (2000), I Was a Teenage Faust (2001) and the horror film Naked Fear (2007).

Sole Survivor should not be confused with several other films with the same title, including the tv movie Sole Survivor (1970), another deathdream film about survivors of an air crash, and the Dean R. Koontz mini-series Sole Survivor (2000), which also involved plane crashes, as well as Soul Survivors (2001) about a girl being haunted after surviving a car crash (which also borrowed the deathdream ending) and the ghost story Soul Survivors/Spectres (2004).

Trailer here

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