Director – Stuart Gordon, Screenplay – Dennis Paoli, Adaptation – Stuart Gordon, Dennis Paoli & Brian Yuzna, Based on the Short Story by H.P. Lovecraft, Producer – Brian Yuzna, Photography – Mac Ahlberg, Music – Richard Band, Photographic Effects – Doublin Effects (Supervisor – Anthony Doublin), Special Effects Supervisor – Michael Muscal, Makeup Effects – Mark Shostrom Studio (Supervisor – Mark Shostrom) & Mechanical and Makeup Imageries (Supervisors – John Buechler & John Naulin), Production Design – Giovanni Natalucci. Production Company – Empire.
Barbara Crampton (Dr Katharine MacMichaels), Jeffrey Combs (Crawford Tillinghast), Ken Foree (Buford ‘Bubba’ Brownlee), Ted Sorel (Edward Pretorious), Carolyn Purdy-Gordon (Dr Roberta Bloch)
Crawford Tillinghast activates a device designed to stimulate the pineal gland with resonant vibrations. It allows him to see creatures that exist on another dimensional plane – but the creatures then turn and bite off the head of his superior Edward Pretorious. Tillinghast is placed in an asylum. Psychiatrist Katharine MacMichaels is sent to see if Tillinghast is sane enough to stand trial for Pretorious’s murder. Impressed by his patient rationality, she has Tillinghast released into her care and they return to the house to set the experiment up again. Only this time, they succeed in unleashing the creatures from beyond with nightmarish results.
Stuart Gordon has considerable cult success with his splatter comedy Re-Animator (1985), loosely based on an H.P. Lovecraft short story. With such success, Empire and Stuart Gordon returned to another H.P. Lovecraft story to make From Beyond. Here they reunite the two leads from Re-Animator – Jeffrey Combs and Barbara Crampton – and most of the production crew – producer Brian Yuzna, screenwriter Dennis Paoli, composer Richard Band, photographer Mac Ahlberg, and John Carl Buechler and John Naulin on makeup effects, while granting it a much bigger budget than usual for Empire ($4.5 million).
Certainly, From Beyond has all the things that one expects of a Stuart Gordon film – monsters, slime, bare breasts, OTT splatter effects and tongue virtually super-glued into the cheek – but while there is smoke, the pyrotechnics fail to ignite a second time over. Unlike Re-Animator, From Beyond had great potential to be a film of atmosphere – and there are moments where it is, particularly at the beginning and in the eerie initial reappearance of Ted Sorel.
Here Stuart Gordon succeeds somewhat in creating a genuinely Lovecraftian atmosphere of menaces lying beyond ordinary ken. (It should also be noted that these opening minutes in fact contain the whole of the original 1920 H.P. Lovecraft story – in fact, all the aspects of the short story are over before the bulk of the film begins). The rest of From Beyond degenerates into much running about the house, pink-suffused lighting and slime effects.
The effects were the major highlight of Re-Animator. Stuart Gordon and co aim for something more ambitious with From Beyond but this clearly seems to be beyond the resources of the film. Despite reigning in four different effects houses, what Stuart Gordon ends up with seem like a host of tatty rejects from The Thing (1982). Bar the emergence of one creature at the climax, a blubbery mass of rubber with Jeffrey Combs and Ted Sorel in the midst manifesting multiple limbs as they wrestle one another, the creatures tend to only look like people encased in rubber. Both the brief flying transformation and the third eye point-of-view optical effects look cheap.
Where From Beyond succeeds somewhat is in some of the more tongue-in-cheek elements. There are genre in-jokes like the doctor named Roberta Bloch, after horror author Robert Bloch best known for Psycho (1960), and a scientist called Dr Pretorious, named after Ernest Thesiger’s mad scientist in Bride of Frankenstein (1935). The one joy of the film is Barbara Crampton in bondage gear, discovering the pleasures of S&M – she gives the type of performance that one knows from the moment that she enters with ramrod efficiency and hair tightly bound up that both she and hair are going to be let out and with aces to spare. However, as a whole, From Beyond never achieves the hilarious blackness with which Stuart Gordon conducted Re-Animator.
A better version of From Beyond, which adheres much more closely to the H.P. Lovecraft story and plays it straight, is the 1999 short film made by Vancouver-based director Bob Fugger – see The H.P. Lovecraft Film Festival – North (1999) for review. Charles Band later conducted a remake with The Resonator: Miskatonic U (2021).
Subsequently, Stuart Gordon went onto make Dolls (1987), the live-action Transformers film Robot Jox (1990), the vampire tv movie Daughter of Darkness (1990), the Edgar Allan Poe adaptation The Pit and the Pendulum (1991), the future prison film Fortress (1993), Castle Freak (1995), Space Truckers (1996), the Ray Bradbury adaptation The Wonderful Ice Cream Suit (1998), a further H.P. Lovecraft adaptation with Dagon (2001), the amazing non-genre David Mamet adaptation Edmond (2005) and the true-crime based Stuck (2007). Gordon also came up with the stories for Honey, I Shrunk the Kids (1989), Body Snatchers (1993) and Progeny (1998).
Other films based on the works of H.P. Lovecraft include:- The Haunted Palace (1963), Die, Monster, Die/Monster of Terror (1965), The Shuttered Room (1967) and The Dunwich Horror (1969). The big success in the modern era was Stuart Gordon’s Re-Animator, which popularised Lovecraft on film, which led to a host of B-budget Lovecraft adaptations, The Curse (1987), The Unnameable (1988), The Resurrected (1992), Necronomicon (1993), The Unnamable II: The Statement of Randolph Carter (1993), Lurking Fear (1994), Stuart Gordon’s Dagon (2001), and other works such as The Dream-Quest of Unknown Kadath (2003), Beyond the Wall of Sleep (2006), Cool Air (2006), Chill (2007), Cthulhu (2007), The Tomb (2007), Colour from the Dark (2008), The Dunwich Horror (2009), The Color (2010), Pickman’s Muse (2010), The Whisperer in Darkness (2011), The Dark Sleep (2013), The Haunter of the Dark (2015), Herbert West: Re-Animator (2017), Color Out of Space (2019), H.P. Lovecraft’s The Deep Ones (2020), the tv series Lovecraft Country (2020), Markham (2020), H.P. Lovecraft’s Witch House (2021), The Resonator: Miskatonic U (2021) and The Lurking Fear (2023). Lovecraft: Fear of the Unknown (2008) is a documentary about Lovecraft. Also of interest is The Manitou (1978), which features an appearance of the Great Old One; Cast a Deadly Spell (1991) and its sequel Witch Hunt (1994), a tv movie set in an alternate world where magic works and where the central character is a detective named H.P. Lovecraft; Juan Piquer Simon’s cheap and loosely inspired Cthulhu Mansion (1992); John Carpenter’s Lovecraft homage In the Mouth of Madness (1995); the fan parodies Lovecracked: The Movie (2006), The Last Lovecraft: Relic of Cthulhu (2009) and Call Girl of Cthulhu (2014); even a trilogy of animated children’s film Howard Lovecraft and the Frozen Kingdom (2016), Howard Lovecraft and the Undersea Kingdom (2017) and Howard Lovecraft and the Kingdom of Madness (2018) in which a young Lovecraft encounters his own creations; while Batman faces Lovecraftian horrors in the animated Batman: The Doom That Came to Gotham (2023). The Elder Gods turn up at the end of The Cabin in the Woods (2012), Lovecraft (Paul Titley) appears as an imaginary companion in Ghostland/Incident in a Ghostland (2018) and In Search of Lovecraft (2008) features a tv news crew discovering that Lovecraft’s works are true. Lovecraft’s key work of demonic lore The Necronomicon also makes appearances in films such as Equinox (1970), The Evil Dead II (1987) and Army of Darkness (1992), and was also borrowed as an alternate retitling for Jesus Franco’s surreal and otherwise unrelated Succubus/Necronomicon (1969) about a BDSM dancer.